Civil and political rights - - MENA region

Women Inclusion in Arab Cities

18.11.2021 / Created by Braham

Women exclusion is a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon that describes a state in which women are unable to participate fully in economic, social, political, and cultural life, as well as the process(es) leading to, and sustaining such a state.

Gender inequality in the Arab Region is among the highest in the world according to international indicators (such as the Global Gender Gap Index ) and is a primary driver of women exclusion. However, women’s exclusion stems also from several forms of discrimination. In many cities of the region, and to varying degrees, sexism is compounded by discriminations based among others on geographic location, class, race, disability, age, religion, and ideology.

All are grounds for women’s exclusion. Tackling gender gaps and enhancing women’s inclusion greatly increases the social value of cities. Women-inclusive cities have the potential to liberate women from discrimination and gender-based violence, point to bright futures for girls, offer comfort to elderly women, provide the needed support to women with disabilities, and welcome women migrants coming to Arab cities with hopes of creating new opportunities and forging new lives for themselves and their families.

Beyond growth, realizing the social value of cities through equal opportunities for women and vulnerable groups requires a transformative change towards people-centered policies and programs rooted in the ideals of sustainable and inclusive urban development.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Monia Braham
  • Publishing house : UNESCO-Cairo Office
  • Publication date : 2021
  • Number of pages : 37
  • Language : ENGLISH


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Social and Economic Forum for Women Association
Foundation for Women Entrepreneurs (FWE)
University of Coimbra
Faculty of Arts and Humanity Manouba
Women in Front
Brunella Mariani
Center of Women'  s Studies and Policies (CWSP)
Arij Khamis Al Zawi
CIHEAM Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo
Cyprus University
Women's Center AlThouri Silwan
Université Antonine
Association Talassemtane pour l'Environnement et Développement (ATED)
Committee for the Follow-Up on women' s Issues (CFUWI)
Regards de Femmes
Womenpreneur Initiative
Life Foundation for Development and Community Integration
The Lebanese Women Democratic Gathering (RDFL)
Servei Civil Internacional de Catalunya
Al-Thoria Studies Center
The Digital Museum of Women  Zatek
Hassène Kassar
Forum de Femmes Méditerranée (FFM)
Maysa Hajjaj
Youth and Development Consultancy Institute (Etijah)
Djerba Solidarity & Development Association
Souad Slaoui
Jossour Forum des Femmes Marocaines (Jossour FFM)
Life  Foundation for Development and Social Reintegration (LFDCI)
Centre des femmes arabes de formation et de recherche (CAWTAR)
Nisaa Network
European Observatory on Femicide
Nisreen Alami
Africa Women's Forum (AWF)

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