Types of Violence - Lebanon

COVID-19 Lockdown and the Increased Violence Against Women: Understanding Domestic Violence During a Pandemic

07.09.2021 / Created by (EMWF)

Globally, during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, reports of domestic abuse have increased. Using scientific and newsreports about violence against women during COVID-19 and the changes it implicated in society, this article speculates howdifferent factors contribute to violence against women worldwide, with some focus on Lebanon. Violence types addressed inthis study will be domestic violence and intimate partner violence. To understand the link between violence against womenand the multidimensional interplay between different factors operating during pandemic lockdown, Heise’s ecological modelis used. These factors are classified into four groups: structural and environmental, community/societal, relationship, andindividual. Violence increase was due to increase in tensions in households, increased perpetrator’s risk factors for violence,economic burden, and survivors’ limited access to support services available prelockdown. COVID-19’s response plan limitedthe spread of the virus, however, it weakened women’s ability to respond to their violent perpetrators.


  • Type of publication : Article
  • Author : Jinan Usta, Hana Murr, and Rana El-Jarrah
  • Publishing house : Violence and Gender
  • Publication date : 2021
  • Number of pages : 7
  • Language : English


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