This research focuses on the impact of political parties and electoral quotas on women’s political participation within the context of Islam.
Gender is construed as a classification of being a woman or a man not merely by biological identification but one that is embedded within culture, and structures of power in families, communities, and states, which have gender in itself, as an organizing principle. Woman’s question (dispute of women) is identified as a complex personal and social problem, and therefore cannot be rejected as a valid search for gender sameness or equality. Based on the quantitative analysis of the dataset of the survey conducted among selected Middle East countries, electoral quotas and seats occupied in previous parliaments affect women’s nominations in current parliaments.
The comparative case study of Islam and its relation to women’s political participation was conducted for eight countries: Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Jordan, Yemen, Cyprus and Kuwait. The statistical dataset was culled from Kaasem’s work entitled “Party Variation in Religiosity and Women’s Leadership: A Cross-National Perspective, 2008-2010”, published by the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research of the University of Michigan.
This platform is part of the Axis 1 "Strengthening the capacities of equality actors" of the Priority Solidarity Fund "Women for the future in the Mediterranean" funded by the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs and led by the European Institute of the Mediterranean, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean.