Civil and political rights - Egypt

Women's Political Representation in Egypt: the 2020 Senate Elections

31.08.2020 / Created by (EMWF)

While the presence of women in Egyptian institutions has varied greatly over time, women and girls in Egypt are represented in relatively low numbers compared to women in other MENA and OECD countries. Over the last two decades, the level of representation has remained either below 3% (elections in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2012) or at 13% and 15% (2010 and 2015). The determining factor in the different figures has been the implementation, or abolition, of an electoral quota for women.

In 2017 the Association Appropriate Communication Techniques for Development (ACT) carried out the field diagnosis entitled "Women’s Political Participation in Egypt: Perspectives from Giza", as the leader of a local cluster of gender equality actors © in Egypt set up by the Euro-Mediterranean Women’s Foundation (FFEM) with the support of the European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed). This article is based on such field diagnosis: it synthesises the results of the analysis with regard to the main challenges concerning the political participation of Egyptian women, and proposes a path for critical reflection on the quota system in Egypt, in order to provide an instrument for understanding the gender dimension within the electoral process in Egypt in 2020.

An Egyptian woman, mask-clad due to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, casts her vote at a polling station on Aug. 11, 2020, for the new Senate. Photo by KHALED DESOUKI/AFP via Getty Images.


  • Type of publication : Article
  • Author : Fondation des Femmes de l'Euro-Méditerranée
  • Publishing house : Wikigender
  • Publication date : 2020
  • Number of pages : 7
  • Language : French


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The committee of vigilance for democracy in Tunisia (CDVT)
Egyptian Center for Women'  s Rights (ECWR)
Coalition for Tunisian Women and the International Network of Women
Department of Gender Studies, Faculty for Social Wellbeing, University of Malta
Women and Gender Unit – Ministry of Social Development
Al Karam
Women Now for Development
Women’s House for Development
Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences
Nisreen Alami
Femmes-Education Arts-Médiation (FEDAM)
University of Sousse
Africa Women's Forum (AWF)
Ecole Supérieure des Arts Visuels de Marrakech
Jerusalem Center for Women
Tubas Charitable Society
Association of Egyptian Female Lawyers (AEFL)
Coalition parlementaire arabe sur la lutte contre la violence de la femme
Kasdi Merbah Ouragla University
CIHEAM Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo
KAFA (enough) Violence and Exploitation
MAAT for Peace, Development and Human Rights
Centre for Women's Legal Research &Counselling and Protection
National Commission for Lebanese Women (NCLW)
Infakto Research Workshop
Collective for Research and Training on Development-Action
Association BALODIREN
TAMETTUT - Amazigh Women's Association for Culture and Development
SIDRA Association
Ministry of Women , Family and Children
Trajectories for Peace and Development
Arab Women Parlamentarian Network
Amal Association for Women and Development
Wafa Association for Awareness

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