Types of Violence - Lebanon

Online Privacy Threats to Women and LGBTIQ Communities in Lebanon

17.12.2019 / Created by (EMWF)

This research study documents the state of digital privacy for women and LGBTIQ individuals in Lebanon by cataloguing online threats reported in national media outlets over 5 years and using a series of interviews with NGO employees, who explain the severity of specific threats, such as blackmail and doxxing, in order to assess the emerging pattern of digital privacy breaches.

The detrimental effects of these issues are highlighted by using specific case studies, such as a gay man being outed online and subsequently fired from his job or a woman being impersonated on Facebook and harassed for her clothing choices.

Furthermore, the report establishes that the lack of a comprehensive legal framework for privacy rights and data protection has facilitated the violation of individual and collective privacy without repercussions. 


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Social Media Exchange Association (SMEX)
  • Publishing house : Social Media Exchange Association (SMEX)
  • Publication date : 2018
  • Number of pages : 21
  • Language : English and Arabic


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Association Anaouat pour la femme et l'enfant
Department of Gender Studies, Faculty for Social Wellbeing, University of Malta
Women and Leadership
Inclusión, Ciudadanía, Diversidad y Educación
Femmes et Leadership
Youth Empowerment Society - YES
Le chemin de la dignité
Coalition for Tunisian Women and the International Network of Women
Djerba Solidarity & Development Association
Istar Montull Mussach
Transitional Justice Institute, Ulster University
ISIS Center for Women and Development
Arab Women Parlamentarian Network
Strane Straniere
League of Female Executives of the National Union of Tunisian Women
Musawa Women’s Study Center
Women Against Violence (WAV)
Racha Ramadan
Association ACM
Sawa Organization - All Women Together Today and Tomorrow
Kenzy Associacion for Development
Africa Women's Forum (AWF)
Women'  s Alliance for Virtual Exchange (WAVE)
Wafa Association for Awareness
Kings Road Association
Mediterranean Institute of Gender Studies (MIGS)
Asociación de Investigadores Extranjeros (AINVEX)
Tunisie pionnieres
Forsaan Al-Ghad Youth Association
Faculté de droit et de science politique Aix Marseille Université
Sawt Nssâ
Development Association of South Gafsa -  DGSC

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