Types of Violence - Lebanon

Online Privacy Threats to Women and LGBTIQ Communities in Lebanon

17.12.2019 / Created by (EMWF)

This research study documents the state of digital privacy for women and LGBTIQ individuals in Lebanon by cataloguing online threats reported in national media outlets over 5 years and using a series of interviews with NGO employees, who explain the severity of specific threats, such as blackmail and doxxing, in order to assess the emerging pattern of digital privacy breaches.

The detrimental effects of these issues are highlighted by using specific case studies, such as a gay man being outed online and subsequently fired from his job or a woman being impersonated on Facebook and harassed for her clothing choices.

Furthermore, the report establishes that the lack of a comprehensive legal framework for privacy rights and data protection has facilitated the violation of individual and collective privacy without repercussions. 


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Social Media Exchange Association (SMEX)
  • Publishing house : Social Media Exchange Association (SMEX)
  • Publication date : 2018
  • Number of pages : 21
  • Language : English and Arabic


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