Types of Violence - - International

The Disappeared and Invisible: Revealing the Enduring Impact of Enforced Disappearance on Women

07.08.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

In at least 80 countries around the world, tens of thousands of individuals have been disappeared in contexts of conflict or repression. These enforced disappearances are typically used to eliminate political opponents in secrecy, without witnesses, survivors, or physical evidence. Relatives and targeted communities are left in fear and uncertainty, risking abuses themselves when they search for the truth about the fate of their missing loved ones. This report identifies the specific ways enforced disappearance affects women and how transitional justice initiatives can better respond to them. It is informed by primary research with women victims, lessons learned, and best practices across diverse contexts, leading to several policy recommendations to promote greater gender sensitivity in justice, truth, and accountability measures that address enforced disappearance.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Polly Dewhirst and Amrita Kapur
  • Publishing house : International Center for Transitional Justice – ICTJ
  • Publication date : 2015
  • Number of pages : 58
  • Language : English


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Organization Dihya for Development
Mother's School Association
Association Al Nada pour la Citoyenneté et le Développement Gafsa (ANCD)
Women Media and Development (TAM)
Institute for Women's Studies in the Arab World (IWSAW)
Arab Women Parlamentarian Network
Faculdade de Ciencias Sociais e Humanas
Inclusión, Ciudadanía, Diversidad y Educación
Al-Mashreq for development and population
Sarab Center for Culture and Community Arts
Centre for Women's Legal Research &Counselling and Protection
Forsaan Al-Ghad Youth Association
Sanaa El Aji
Independent Researcher
Association club de le jeune fille pour la formation à l'action de développement
Union Nationale de la Femme Tunisienne (UNFT)
Silvia Gagliardi
Women’s House for Development
Association Khmir Environnement et Développement
Libyan Women's Union – Tripoli
Women Programs Centre - Rafah
Horus Foundation for Development and Training
Association Talassemtane pour l'Environnement et Développement (ATED)
Social Association  Active Woman  of the Tizi-Ouzou Wilaya
Tunisian Association of Gender Studies
Infakto Research Workshop
ABAAD - Resource Center for Gender Equality
Albanian Forum for the Alliance of Civilisations
Why Me for Women’s Rights
Cork Feminista
Le chemin de la dignité
Asociación de Investigadores Extranjeros (AINVEX)
Tiro Association for Arts

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