In at least 80 countries around the world, tens of thousands of individuals have been disappeared in contexts of conflict or repression. These enforced disappearances are typically used to eliminate political opponents in secrecy, without witnesses, survivors, or physical evidence. Relatives and targeted communities are left in fear and uncertainty, risking abuses themselves when they search for the truth about the fate of their missing loved ones. This report identifies the specific ways enforced disappearance affects women and how transitional justice initiatives can better respond to them. It is informed by primary research with women victims, lessons learned, and best practices across diverse contexts, leading to several policy recommendations to promote greater gender sensitivity in justice, truth, and accountability measures that address enforced disappearance.
This platform is part of the Axis 1 "Strengthening the capacities of equality actors" of the Priority Solidarity Fund "Women for the future in the Mediterranean" funded by the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs and led by the European Institute of the Mediterranean, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean.