Economy / Employment - - MENA region

Women's Economic Empowerment in Selected MENA Countries: The Impact of Legal Frameworks in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

05.07.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status. Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice.  Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD
  • Publishing house : OECD Publishing
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 154
  • Language : English and french


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Jyhene Kebsi
Almidan Association for Development and Human Rights
Children of Female Prisoners Association
Libyan Women Forum (LWF)
Mafraq Youth Gathering for Civil Society Development
Valencia University
Tunisian Association of Development Law - ATDD
Benaz Batrawi
Sana Hafsa Consulting Office
Association Karama of Arab Family (AKFA)
CEDAW Association for Democracy and Human Rights
Center for Women's Studies in Islam (CERFI)
Musawa Women’s Study Center
MSA University
Community Media Center
Almobadr Organization for Development and Capacity Building
Union de l'Action Feministe (UAF)
Al-Mashreq for development and population
SHASHAT Women Cinema
Women's Network for Mentoring / Networking (RFMN)
Research Team on Gender
Organization Dihya for Development
Women's Center AlThouri Silwan
Leïla Tauil
Gender Equality Unit
Hassine Karim Glaied
Université Antonine
Office for Gender Equality
SEMNID Association for Social Development
The Palestinian Association for Empowerment and Local Development - REFORM
French Coordination for the European Women's Lobby (C.L.E.F.)
Association Féminine pour le Développement de la Famille (AFDF)
International therapeutic Attorneys Centre (ICAR)
Al Karam
Aman Society Centre for counseling, development and community health

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