Economy / Employment - - MENA region

Women's Economic Empowerment in Selected MENA Countries: The Impact of Legal Frameworks in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

05.07.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status. Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice.  Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD
  • Publishing house : OECD Publishing
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 154
  • Language : English and french


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Juzoor for Health and Social Development (Juzoor)
Association Khmir Environnement et Développement
Kayan Masr foundation for Development, Training & Community Participation Support
Faculty Affiliate, PHRGE, Northeastern College of Law
Free Sight Association
Anne Laure Humbert
Sihem Benallal Benrahou
I & P Image & Paroles
Women'  s Studies Center (WSC)
Association Tunisienne de la Santé de la Reproduction (ATSR)
European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed)
Gender Alternatives Foundation (GAF)
Liberated T
Palestinian Bar Association (PBA)
Elkhir Women's Association
Association of Continuity of Generations - ACG
Wafaa Ziti
Journalists Without Borders (JWB)
Racha Ramadan
Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM)
SEMNID Association for Social Development
Amman Center for Human Rights Studies
Mother's School Association
Organization Dihya for Development
Bint Bladi Association
Maysa Hajjaj
Alternative Movement for Individual Freedoms M.A.L.I.
Youth and Development Consultancy Institute (Etijah)
Faculty of Arts and Humanity Manouba
Youth Capacities Development Association-Biskra (YCDB)
Arab Institute for Human Rights
The Union of Feminist Action
Etaf Roudan
Youth Today Association for Development

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