Economy / Employment - - MENA region

Women's Economic Empowerment in Selected MENA Countries: The Impact of Legal Frameworks in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

05.07.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status. Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice.  Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD
  • Publishing house : OECD Publishing
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 154
  • Language : English and french


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Appropriate Communication Techniques for Development Center (ACT)
Sawt Nssâ
Ibsar Association for the Culture and Leisure of blind and visually handicapped people
Morgan Sigl Fertilhanges
Youth and Development Consultancy Institute (Etijah)
Wojoud for Empowering Civil Society
Nahda Association for Relief and development
Tunisian Association of Gender Studies
Permanent Peace Movement (PPM)
Action et Promotion Sociale et Culturelle
Association BALODIREN
Mediterranean Observatory of Communication (OMEC)
Forum for Professionals fighting against Family Honor Crimes in the Palestinian society in Israel
Fondation Zakoura
Center for Research in Applied Economics for Development-CREAD
Youth & Women Empowerment Forum
Portuguese Association of Women in Legal Careers
The voice of Amazigh women
Réseau Algérien des Femmes d'Affaires (RAFA)
Malta Confederation of Women's Organisations - MCWO
Jerusalem Center for Women
Qudrat Association for Community Development
Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA)
Life Foundation for Development and Community Integration
Hillary Rodham Clinton Center for Women'    s Empowerment (HCC)
The Libyan Network to Support and Empower Women
Ibtikar for Empowerment and Social Entrepreneurship
Réseau Doustourna
Association Generation Challenge for Development and Culture
Assemblée des Femmes Paris Ile-de-France
Saba Hamlet for Gender Equality
Nahda Association
Association Talassemtane pour l'Environnement et Développement (ATED)
Regards de Femmes

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