Economy / Employment - - MENA region

Women's Economic Empowerment in Selected MENA Countries: The Impact of Legal Frameworks in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

05.07.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status. Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice.  Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD
  • Publishing house : OECD Publishing
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 154
  • Language : English and french


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Association Aspirations féminines
União de Mulheres Alternativa e Resposta
Association Entrelles Entrepreneures SM
Forum de Femmes Méditerranée (FFM)
El Watan
Master genre et droits des femmes des deux rives de la meditérranée
The Lebanese Women Democratic Gathering (RDFL)
Libyan Women ORG
Association BALODIREN
Moroccan Association of Social Workers
I & P Image & Paroles
Center for Study and Research on Human Rights and Migration
Ntic et Citoyennete - Maurifemme
Tunisian Association of Women Judges- TAWJ
International Alliance of Women (IAW)
University Hassan II Casablanca
Social Association  Active Woman  of the Tizi-Ouzou Wilaya
Sama Goods
National Commission for Lebanese Women (NCLW)
Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation
Cooperation Association
Egyptian Feminist Union – EFU
Association MINA's Talents
Space Starting Point (ESPOD)
Hassène Kassar
Adina Mocanu
Actions in the Mediterranean - AIM
Jbail- Byblos Municipality
SHASHAT Women Cinema
University El Maner Tunis
Tamazight Women Movement
Women'  s Solidarity Fund (WSF)
Association AGIR pour le Developpement et l'Epanouissement de la Jeunesse
Intissar Bendjabellah
Intermediaries Changing Center for Sustainable Development
Palestinian Centre for Peace and Democracy

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