Civil and political rights - - Europe

Achieving balanced participation of women and men in political and public decision-making

15.03.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

In 2003, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted Recommendation Rec(2003)3 on balanced participation of women and men in political and public decision-making (hereafter referred to as the Recommendation). The governments of the member states committed themselves to report regularly to the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers on the measures taken and the progress made in achieving a balanced participation of women and men in political and public life, defined as a minimum representation of 40% of each sex. Two earlier monitoring rounds took place in 2005 and 2008 and a comparative study on the results of the first and second rounds of monitoring of the Recommendation was published in 2010 (Council of Europe, 2010). For the third monitoring round, an online questionnaire was made available to all 47 Council of Europe member states in January 2016, and 46 of them participated in the survey. The data gathered reflect the situation in member states as of 1 January 2016, except for data on political representatives which refer to election-day results (up to 15 July 2016). This report analyses the data gathered in 2016 and where possible, comparisons are made with data collected in the two earlier monitoring rounds, in order to identify evolutions and trends.


  • Type of publication : Study / Report
  • Author : Conseil de l’Europe
  • Publishing house : The Council of Europe
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 127
  • Language : English and French


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Equality Unit
Amal Association for Women and Development
Building Bridge Association (BBA)
Free Sight Association
Association Femme et Citoyenneté
Ensan Aid
Future Association for Development - Batna
Jordan Sisterhood is Global Institute (SIGI)
Jbail- Byblos Municipality
The Association of Women and Community for Comprehensive Development in Tiba
Programme d'Appui à la Société Civile (PASC-TUNISIE)
Le chemin de la dignité
Libya Women's Forum
Tunisian National League of Policewomen
Assiwar- the Feminist Arab Movement
Blanquerna Observatory on Media, Religion and Culture
Bremen University
Association of Women in Green Economy (AFEV)
Palestinian Human Rights Organization (PHRO)
Tunisian Association of Women Judges- TAWJ
Jordanian Journalist Association
Al-Bait Assamed Association Society
Syria Algad Relief Foundation
Women Against Violence (WAV)
Permanent Peace Movement (PPM)
Ankara University
Tunisian Association of Development Law - ATDD
University of Sousse
Association Entrelles Entrepreneures Marrakech-Safi
La Presse
Organization of Backing Liberal and Social Development (OBLSD)
Association Khmir Environnement et Développement

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