This important article explains the implications of the term "gender" which was introduced to Arab and Muslim societies through the final declaration of the United Nations’ International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994, as at it was mentioned there 51 times. The term was used again 233 times in the document of the UN Fourth World Conference on Women which was entitled "Action for Equality, Development and Peace", and later on was known as the Beijing Conference.
The writer explains that the term ‘’gender’’ reflects the different roles, rights and duties of both men and women in society and their relations and the ways in which their characteristics, behaviours and identities are determined by various economic, social, cultural, political and environmental factors.
The writer also considers that gender means that social and class divisions all go back to the oppression and the injustice that women suffered throughout history. This injustice is made by human beings and society. It is the creation of patriarchal systems that can be changed so that women assume their role outside the traditional society, and change the idea that men, and they themselves, have about themselves.
This platform is part of the Axis 1 "Strengthening the capacities of equality actors" of the Priority Solidarity Fund "Women for the future in the Mediterranean" funded by the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs and led by the European Institute of the Mediterranean, in the framework of the project “Developing Women's Empowerment” labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean.