Miscellaneous - - International

Gender, term and significance

04.01.2018 / Created by (EMWF)

This important article explains the implications of the term "gender" which was introduced to Arab and Muslim societies through the final declaration of the United Nations’ International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994, as at it was mentioned there 51 times. The term was used again 233 times in the document of the UN Fourth World Conference on Women which was entitled "Action for Equality, Development and Peace", and later on was known as the Beijing Conference.

The writer explains that the term ‘’gender’’ reflects the different roles, rights and duties of both men and women in society and their relations and the ways in which their characteristics, behaviours and identities are determined by various economic, social, cultural, political and environmental factors.

The writer also considers that gender means that social and class divisions all go back to the oppression and the injustice that women suffered throughout history. This injustice is made by human beings and society. It is the creation of patriarchal systems that can be changed so that women assume their role outside the traditional society, and change the idea that men, and they themselves, have about themselves.


  • Type of publication : Article
  • Author : باسمة العقباني
  • Publishing house : Musawah Center for Women's Studies
  • Publication date : 2017
  • Number of pages : 4
  • Language : Arabic


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Vision Communication Consultancy
Youssef Bouataoun
MAAT for Peace, Development and Human Rights
Morocco Volunteers
Libya Women's Forum
ISIS Center for Women and Development
Arab Institute for Human Rights
Union Nationale de la Femme Tunisienne (UNFT)
Brunella Mariani
Sami Zouari
AWARE Services & Consulting
Isha L'Isha - Haifa Feminist Center
RUSEMEG - Réseau Universitaire et Scientifique Euro-Méditerranéen
Network of women artisans of Morocco
The committee of vigilance for democracy in Tunisia (CDVT)
Roles for Social Change Association (ADWAR)
Immigrant Women in Catalonia Association (AOMICAT)
Haute Autorité de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA)
Cooperation for Community Development Association
International Center for Rights and Freedoms (ICRF)
The Palestinian Association for Empowerment and Local Development - REFORM
CREAD – Research center applied economics for development
Khadija Zizi
Laboratoire de Recherche sur les rapports sociaux et les représentations socioculturelles dans l'espace méditerranéen
Malta Confederation of Women's Organisations - MCWO
Zouhair Gassim
Center for Research in Applied Economics for Development-CREAD
Development Association ‘Rawafed’
Association Tunisienne de la Santé de la Reproduction (ATSR)
Amal Association for Women and Development
Association des Filles de la Renaissance
Transitional Justice Institute, Ulster University
Khadija Ben Hassine
Mafraq Youth Gathering for Civil Society Development

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